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Types of Coffee Beans and How Coffee Affects Your Health

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These days, you can find numerous types of sumptuous coffees from various countries, all with their own distinctive tastes and aromas.

But there are only four main coffee bean types used to make coffee: Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa.

Let’s take a closer look at each of those beans and discover how coffee can be beneficial for your health. 

The Arabica Bean

The Arabica bean comes from the flowering coffea arabica plant, which was the first species of coffee to be cultivated. 

Arabica beans are the most commonly used beans for coffee production in the world. Indeed, they represent around 60% of global production.

The high-quality beans are grown at high altitudes in areas that have consistent rainfall and lots of shade.

Arabica coffee beans are full of aroma and flavor, so it’s no wonder that coffee lovers the world over favor them so much. If you have a friend or family member who adores coffee, consider buying some high-quality Arabica coffee beans and a coffee grinder for Christmas.

Here are some other great gift ideas for those in love with coffee.

The Robusta Bean

The second-most produced coffee in the world comes from the Robusta bean.

With a stronger flavor than Arabica beans, Robusta coffee beans are adored by people who want to have a deeper coffee-drinking experience.

Also, in comparison to Arabica beans, Robusta beans contain double the amount of caffeine, so Robusta coffee is good for people who need to get through long shifts of work or study.

And coffee aficionados will be able to detect a hint of chocolate-like flavor in Robusta coffee beans. 

The Liberica Bean

Liberica coffee beans are much less common than the two above types of beans. They have a unique aroma that many describe as smoky, floral, and fruity.

Interestingly, Liberica beans are the only coffee beans in the world to be irregularly shaped. 

The Excelsa Bean

While Excelsa beans are members of the Liberica family of plants, Excelsa coffee beans have a less smoky and floral taste than Liberica beans.

But like the Liberica coffee bean, the Excelsa is much less commonly used to produce commercial coffee. 

The Health Benefits of Coffee

While drinking too much coffee can potentially cause health problems, such as issues with the digestive tract, modern studies show drinking up to four cups a day is completely safe.

Furthermore, coffee can actually be good for your health in various ways, thanks to the antioxidants and nutrients contained in all types of coffee beans.

 Studies have frequently shown that coffee drinkers have a lower risk of experiencing several diseases, including type two diabetes. Some studies show coffee can protect people from Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, too. Of course, as everyone knows, drinking coffee can also improve energy levels.

Other health benefits of drinking coffee include the following:

  • Several studies show the caffeine in coffee can boost your metabolic rate by up to 11%, meaning obese people can burn more fat by drinking coffee.
  • Cirrhosis is a condition in which your liver is replaced mainly by scar tissue. Some studies show people who drink four cups of coffee a day have up to an 80% lower risk of getting cirrhosis. 
  • Coffee is not just good for reducing the risk of physical ailments. It is also thought to be great for fighting depression. One study found women who drank four or more cups of coffee per day were 20% less likely to become depressed, while another study discovered that the participants who drank four or more cups of coffee a day were 53% less likely to commit suicide. 

 

 

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